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River Elbe (based at Dresden)
Kulturerbe Dampfschiffe Dresden GmbH, part of the Weisse Flotte Sachsen GmbH  (owned by River Advice AG of Switzerland)
Official Website

Above : The fleet has an annual parade on the Elbe. This one was on the 1st May 2023. All nine paddle steamers depart upstream from Dresden. Photo by kind courtesy of Bernd Gross

Paddle Steamers on the River Elbe, sailing from the magnificent backdrop of Dresden's Terrassenufer (above), through "Saxon Switzerland" to Bad Schandau and (from Pirna) to the border with the Czech Republic at Schmilka, calling at Loschwitz, Schloss Pillnitz, Pirna, Stadt Wehlen, Kurort Rathen, Konigstein, Prossen, Bad Schandau and Krippen. One service heads downstream from Dresden calling at Radebeul, Diesbar, Meissen and Seusslitz.

Encouraged by preservation groups, the decision was taken to retain and recondition the paddle steamer fleet after the change of ownership following the demise of the German Democratic Republic. The four more modern diesel-electric paddlers have been disposed of, two of which went to the breakers yard. Paddle Steamers Schmilka (1897) and Junger Pionier (1898) were still in existence at Dresden-Neustadt harbour, but in poor condition, and their hulls were later scrapped. Two large new motor vessels were introduced.


All nine current vessels were built in the local shipyard, originally Blasewitz, later Laubegast, and have served their life on the Elbe with the exception of Krippen. She was re-purchased in November 1999, having been sold out of the fleet in 1979 and led a nomadic existence including static preservation and latterly service for the KD company on the River Main at Frankfurt.

Periodic reconditioning throughout their lives, culminating in major renovation in 1992/3 has ensured that the vessels remain in top condition. The latest refits involved returning the vessels as far as possible to their original form whilst incorporating all the required new safety features. Vessel lengths are in the 52-70 metre range, with draughts varying after the various reconditions which have generally involved adding new superstructure and equipment. Several of the older existing vessels have been lengthened during the earlier part of their lives. Inevitably, new boilers have had to be installed, especially during 1992/3, but all vessels retain their original engines. Stadt Wehlen (1915), Meissen (1914) and Pillnitz (1912) had their power rating increased through the rebuilding of their machinery. All have oscillating engines, except the two most modern paddlers, Dresden and Leipzig , which have two-cylinder compound diagonal machinery. The vessels of the Dresden fleet have in many cases undergone several name changes (post World War I all names relating to royalty were dropped in favour of local place names) and several ships have carried the same name.


PS Stadt Wehlen (1879)
PS Diesbar (1884)
PS Meissen (1885)
PS Pillnitz (1886)
PS Krippen (1892)
PS Kurort Rathen (1896)
PS Pirna (1898)
PS Dresden (1926)
PS Leipzig (1929)

It is often overlooked that the world's largest paddle steamer fleet is based on the River Elbe at Dresden, Germany. Once concealed behind the "Iron Curtain", it might have been assumed that in the 1990s, the harsh economic realities of the "capitalist" West would see a great diminishing of the fleet, which had several paddlers around 100 years old in its ranks. Not so. These ships have been magnificently re-fitted and now provide an intensive service on a beautiful stretch of river deep in the European heartland.

The accepted wisdom is that it is too expensive to run paddle steamers and that any business-orientated venture would normally retire its older vessels and replace them with more modern ships with lower opreating costs. Where paddlers can be retained, it should be as special members of a much larger fleet where the profits earned by the motor vessels can be used, in part, to subsidise the "heritage" operation of a paddle steamer. Such an outcome was to be feared when the collapse of the communist system in eastern Germany and the subsequent incorporation of this country into the Federal Republic of Germany took place in 1991. Market economics, even more so than a socialist system, would surely ensure that a fleet of century-old vessels could not continue to operate, particularly as the "White Fleet" at Dresden was sold off to corporate interests.............

The paddler Schmilka (1878) was laid up awaiting possible repair and Leipzig (1929) was awaiting a major refit. The fleet numbered nine operational paddlers and eight motor ships, three of which were diesel-powered paddlers. In 1991, five paddlers were in service  and five laid up. A buyer was sought by the "Treuhandanstalt", the federal body charged with disposing of state assets. An offer was accepted from the Conti Shipping company, a very large company involved in deep-sea shipping, in association with the local state government of Saxony which had come together in an unusual partnership, with the involvement of the state regarded by enthusiasts as a possible ally in preventing the wholesale decimation of the paddler fleet. The state of Saxony owns 51% of the company. As it happened, the Conti company's intentions were good and the "Sachsische Dampfschifffahrts GmbH & Co, Conti Elbschiffahrts AG" took control in November 1992, with a commitment to 21 Million Deutschemarks of investment and a pledged to retain at least seven paddle steamers. Immediately, contracts were placed for the complete refurbishment of eight paddlers and the construction of two large new motor vessels.

The new company decided not to refit the three remaining of the four diesel paddlers despite their being relatively young (under 30 years old), and two sister paddlers, the laid up Schmilka and Junger Pionier, which had been out of service were scrapped but their oscillating engines were retained for possible future use. This meant that their were eight paddlers now in the planned fleet - but, incredibly, this was increased to nine when PS Krippen, which had been paid off as early as 1983, was repurchased in 1999.

The refurbishment and modernisation of the eight paddlers has been undertaken to a very high standard and they are now maintained in excellent condition - and most are in service most of the time in a long season.
The operating company has showing that it is perfectly possible to run a fleet predominantly of paddle-steamers (and extremely old ones at that....) even when it has to answer to a large corporation. Continued investment in the paddlers has meant that there has not been any suggestion of replacement by new motor vessels and the Dresden area now has a magnificent fleet of beautiful steamers - justifiably the largest, and quite possibly, the finest in the world.

In 2020 the operators went into administration following a number of years of problems with variable water levels in the Elbe compounded in 2020 by the effects of the worldwide Coronavirus pandemic. It continued to operate under the existing management until the beginning of September when the company was bought by the Swiss shipping company River Advice AG. River Advice own and operate a large number of the river cruise ships in Europe and also the KD Koln-Dusseldorfer line, operators of paddle ship Goethe on the Rhine. A new company, Weisse Flotte Sachsen GmbH was formed and the nine paddle steamers vested in a special historical steamers subsidiary, Kulturerbe Dampfschiffe Dresden GmbH.

After the introduction of Konigin Maria in 1837, cruising on the upper Elbe developed quickly and new vessels were introduced to take advantage of the growing trade and developing technology. The oldest current vessel, PS Stadt Wehlen of 1879 is registered as the 34 th vessel, the current Leipzig, the 69 th.

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Sample views along the Elbe

Looking down on Elbe 2012 MO.jpg

It is not everywhere where it is possible to get a bird's eye view of paddle steamers from dry land.......but along the Elbe south of Dresden gives some excellent opportunities. Many thanks to Malcolm Oliver for the photo above


Die Dresdener Raddampfer Flotte
Frank Muller & Wolfgang Quinger
DSV-Verlag, GmbH, Grundgenstrasse, 18, 22309 Hamburg, Germany
ISBN 3-88412-230-4
History of the Dresden Paddle Steamer fleet, copiously illustrated, many in colour

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